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Talking about family in Spanish

Talking about family in Spanish will be easier if you have the vocabulary you need!

Since these words refer to people, their grammatical gender agrees with the person’s sex. That’s why in almost all cases, you can form the feminine simply by changing the o for an a.

But when they are in plural, they either have a neutral ending, like parientes (which doesn’t mean what you think), or we use the generic masculine, even if there are women involved.

You can read my article about the Spanish grammatical gender to learn more about it.

Are you ready to learn more family vocabulary in Spanish? Let’s go!

Una familia preparando la comisa - talking about family in Spanish
Papá, mamá, hijos, sobrinos, tíos… ¡toda la familia! – Foto de August de Richelieu en Pexels

Talking about family in Spanish

You can practice the following words online or print this list and take it anywhere with you.

I suggest you try to memorize them by creating a meaningful example on your own!

Names of family members in Spanish

abuela = grandmother

abuelo = grandfather

abuelos = grandparents

ahijada = goddaughter

ahijado = godson

bisabuela = great-grandmother

bisabuelo = great-grandfather

bisabuelos = great-grandparents

cuñada = sister-in-law

cuñado = brother-in-law

esposa = wife

esposo = husband

hermana = sister

hermano = brother

hermanos = siblings

hija = daughter

hijo = son

hijastro = stepson

hijastra = stepdaugher

hijos = children

madrastra = stepmother

madre = mother

mamá = mom

madrina = godmother

nieta = granddaughter

nieto = grandson

nietos = grandchildren

novia = girlfriend

novio = boyfriend

nuera = daughter-in-law

padrastro = stepfather

padre = father

papá = dad

padres = parents

padrino = godfather

pariente = relative (you can also use the word familiar in Spanish)

parientes = relatives (you can also use the word familiares in Spanish)

primo, prima = cousin

sobrina = niece

sobrino = nephew

suegra = mother-in-law

suegro = father-in-law

tía = aunt

tío = uncle

yerno = son-in-law

And that’s all for today!

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I hope you have enjoyed this article with vocabulary related to talking about family in Spanish!

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Thank you very much and until next time,


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